Which Is Largest Chromosome?

What is the biggest part of DNA?

The correct answer: According to the order from smallest to largest, the order will be: Nucleotide, Gene, DNA, Chromatin, Chromatid, Chromosome..

What animal has 92 chromosomes?

The mitotic and meiotic chromosomes of the semiaquatic rodent Ichthyomys pittieri (Rodentia, Cricetinae) from Venezuela were analyzed by means of conventional staining and several banding techniques. The diploid chromosome number of this rare species is 2n = 92, which is the highest value known for mammals.

Which animal has highest number of chromosomes?

Animal chromosome numbers range from 254 in hermit crabs to 2 in a species of roundworm. The fern called Ophioglossum reticulatum has 1260 chromosomes! Humans have 46, chimpanzees have 48, and yes, potatoes also have 48.

How much DNA is in a human body?

Of the trillions of cells that compose our body, from neurons that relay signals throughout the brain to immune cells that help defend our bodies from constant external assault, almost every one contains the same 3 billion DNA base pairs that make up the human genome – the entirety of our genetic material.

Is there DNA in chromosomes?

Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells. Each chromosome is made of protein and a single molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Passed from parents to offspring, DNA contains the specific instructions that make each type of living creature unique.

Who found DNA?

What did the duo actually discover? Many people believe that American biologist James Watson and English physicist Francis Crick discovered DNA in the 1950s. In reality, this is not the case. Rather, DNA was first identified in the late 1860s by Swiss chemist Friedrich Miescher.

What sugar is found in DNA?

deoxyriboseThe sugar in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is deoxyribose. The deoxy prefix indicates that the 2′ carbon atom of the sugar lacks the oxygen atom that is linked to the 2′ carbon atom of ribose (the sugar in ribonucleic acid, or RNA), as shown in Figure 5.2.

Who has stronger genes mother or father?

Genetically, you actually carry more of your mother’s genes than your father’s. That’s because of little organelles that live within your cells, the mitochondria, which you only receive from your mother.

What chromosomes do females have?

The twenty-third pair is the sex chromosomes, while the rest of the 22 pairs are called autosomes. Typically, biologically female individuals have two X chromosomes (XX) while those who are biologically male have one X and one Y chromosome (XY).

Does anyone have 48 chromosomes?

XXYY syndrome is a sex chromosome anomaly in which males have an extra X and Y chromosome. … Males with XXYY syndrome have 48 chromosomes instead of the typical 46. This is why XXYY syndrome is sometimes written as 48,XXYY syndrome or 48,XXYY. It affects an estimated one in every 18,000–40,000 male births.

Is red hair a Neanderthal gene?

Red hair may have been common among Neanderthals, according to a 2007 analysis of Neanderthal DNA led by Carles Lalueza-Fox of Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona, Spain. However, this does not mean that modern humans with red hair have inherited it from Neanderthals.

Which is the dominant chromosome?

The structure of X and Y chromosomes Because the additional genes in the X chromosome have no counterpart in the Y chromosome, the X genes are dominant. This means that almost any gene on the X, even if it is recessive in the female, will be expressed in males. These are referred to as X-linked genes.

What’s the difference between DNA and genes?

Genes are made up of DNA or RNA while the DNA is made up of the long chain of polynucleotides with adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine bases in it. “A gene transfers information for a specific trait while the DNA transfers all the information for all the traits as well as to regulate gene expression.”

How much DNA is in a chromosome?

The resulting 166 base pairs is not very long, considering that each chromosome contains over 100 million base pairs of DNA on average. Therefore, every chromosome contains hundreds of thousands of nucleosomes, and these nucleosomes are joined by the DNA that runs between them (an average of about 20 base pairs).

What are the 3 types of DNA?

There are three different DNA types:A-DNA: It is a right-handed double helix similar to the B-DNA form. … B-DNA: This is the most common DNA conformation and is a right-handed helix. … Z-DNA: Z-DNA is a left-handed DNA where the double helix winds to the left in a zig-zag pattern.

Do dogs have 23 chromosomes?

For example, humans usually have 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46. Chimpanzees, which are closely related to humans, have 24 while dogs, which are not as related, have 39 pairs.

Is there a YY gender?

The Y chromosome contains a “male-determining gene,” the SRY gene, that causes testes to form in the embryo and results in development of external and internal male genitalia. If there is a mutation in the SRY gene, the embryo will develop female genitalia despite having XY chromosomes.

Which one is bigger DNA or chromosome?

DNA is shaped as a double helix and is made up of nucleotides. CHROMOSOME: Chromosomes are made from DNA strands wrapped around proteins. So, from smallest to largest order is GENE,DNA,CHROMOSOME. … Genes are the smallest.

What is the 2nd chromosome?

Chromosome 2 is noteworthy for being the second largest human chromosome, trailing only chromosome 1 in size. It is also home to the gene with the longest known, protein-coding sequence – a 280,000 base pair gene that codes for a muscle protein, called titin, which is 33,000 amino acids long.

What animal has 32 chromosomes?

List of organisms by chromosome countOrganism (Scientific name)Chromosome numberAmerican badger (Taxidea taxus)32Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)32Red fox (Vulpes vulpes)34Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)34133 more rows

Can a human have 24 chromosomes?

Humans have 48 chromosomes, 24 pairs, and that’s the end of that.