Quick Answer: What Are Examples Of Rare Diseases?

What are the rarest birth defects?

Rare birth defects include:22q11.

2 deletion syndrome (DiGeorge Syndrome and Velocardiofacial syndrome)Albinism, ocular.Albinism, oculocutaneous.Anencephaly (a neural tube defect)Arnold-Chiari malformation (chiari malformation)CHARGE syndrome.Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)More items….

What is the world’s rarest syndrome?

Many rare diseases appear early in life, and about 30% of children with rare diseases will die before reaching their fifth birthday. With only three diagnosed patients in 27 years, ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency is considered the rarest known genetic disease.

What are some fake diseases?

Here are 5 rare conditions named after popular fictional characters that you might not have known about, but won’t soon forget.Rapunzel syndrome.Mad Hatter’s disease.Superman syndrome.Due to a lack of easily distinguishable symptoms, diagnoses usually occur later in life via chromosomal analysis.More items…•

What race has the most genetic disorders?

More than 133 million American (45% of the population)have one or more chronic diseases. Racial/ethnic minorities are 1.5 to 2.0 times more likely than whites to have most of the major chronic diseases.

What is the most common disease in the world?

According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population.

What are 5 genetic diseases?

What You Need to Know About 5 Most Common Genetic DisordersDown Syndrome. Typically, the nucleus of an individual cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, but Down syndrome occurs when the 21st chromosome is copied an extra time in all or some cells. … Thalassemia. … Cystic Fibrosis. … Tay-Sachs disease. … Sickle Cell Anemia. … Learn More. … Recommended. … Sources.

What are the different types of syndrome?

List of syndromes13q deletion syndrome.17q21.31 microdeletion syndrome.1p36 deletion syndrome.1q21.1 deletion syndrome.1q21.1 duplication syndrome.22q11.2 distal deletion syndrome.22q11.2 duplication syndrome.22q13 deletion syndrome.More items…

What are considered rare diseases?

In the United States, a rare disease is defined as a condition that affects fewer than 200,000 people in the US. This definition was created by Congress in the Orphan Drug Act of 1983. Rare diseases became known as orphan diseases because drug companies were not interested in adopting them to develop treatments.

What is a rare disease FDA?

The Orphan Drug Act defines a rare disease as a disease or condition that affects less than 200,000 people in the United States.

What are the worst genetic diseases?

The Top 10 Worst Hereditary ConditionsAlcoholism. (Image credit: Gregor Buir / Stock.XCHNG) … Breast Cancer. (Image credit: Dreamstime.com) … Color Blindness. (Image credit: Hannah Boettcher / Stock.XCHNG) … Bullying. (Image credit: Miguel Ugalde / Stock.XCHNG) … Obesity. (Image credit: Stockxpert) … Heart Disease. (Image credit: Dreamstime.com) … Having Twins. … Acne.More items…•

What are the rarest cancers?

What are rare cancers?breast cancer in women.prostate cancer.lung cancer.bowel cancer.

What is the rarest disease on Earth?

RPI deficiency According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.

What is the most difficult disease to diagnose?

Conditions That Are Hard to Diagnose1 / 14. Irritable Bowel Syndrome. This condition causes pain in your belly area and changes in bathroom habits that last at least 3 months. … 2 / 14. Celiac Disease. … 3 / 14. Appendicitis. … 4 / 14. Hyperthyroidism. … 5 / 14. Hypothyroidism. … 6 / 14. Sleep Apnea. … 7 / 14. Lyme Disease. … 8 / 14. Fibromyalgia.More items…

What diseases Cannot be cured?

Some of the common medical conditions of people requiring care at the end of life include:cancer.dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.advanced lung, heart, kidney and liver disease.stroke and other neurological diseases, including motor neurone disease and multiple sclerosis.Huntington’s disease.muscular dystrophy.More items…•

What are the top 10 rarest diseases?

Water allergy.Foreign accent syndrome.Laughing Death.Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP)Alice in Wonderland syndrome.Porphyria.Pica.Moebius syndrome.More items…•

What are the 7000 rare diseases?

You can find a list of all the 7,000+ rare diseases on the Orphanet website.Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. Prevalence: roughly 1 in 2,000,000. … Ehlers Danlos syndrome. Prevalence: Unknown. … Tyrosinemia type 1. Prevalence: Unknown. … Duchenne muscular dystrophy. … Cystic fibrosis. … NGLY-1 deficiency.