Question: What Does Infantile Spasm Look Like?

How do I know if my baby has infantile spasms?

Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)Raise their arms over their head or stick their arms straight out to the side.Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain.Suddenly bend at the waist.Drop or bob their heads briefly.Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.More items….

What are the signs to look for in neurological symptoms in infants?

Neonatal Neurological Disorder SymptomsFussiness.Decreased level of consciousness.Abnormal movements.Feeding difficulty.Changes in body temperature.Rapid changes in head size and tense soft spot.Changes in muscle tone (either high or low)

Why does it feel like my baby is having spasms?

Infantile spasms is a disorder caused by a brain abnormality or injury that can occur before or after birth. According to the Child Neurology Foundation, 70 percent of infantile spasms have a known cause. Causes may include things like: brain tumors.

How can you tell if an infant is having a seizure?

Neonatal Seizures Signs and SymptomsRandom or roving eye movements, eyelid blinking or fluttering, eyes rolling up, eye opening, staring.Sucking, smacking, chewing and protruding tongue.Unusual bicycling or pedalling movements of the legs.Thrashing or struggling movements.Long pauses in breathing (apnea)

What happens if infantile spasms are left untreated?

Left untreated, infantile spasms can lead to serious outcomes, including an estimated infant mortality rate of between 5% and 6%. The most significant concern, however, is that infantile spasms are associated with autism and intellectual deficits that permanently affect quality of life.

Why would a baby need to see a neurologist?

A child neurologist, or pediatric neurologist, is a doctor who treats children who have problems with their nervous system. Problems in the nervous system can start in the brain, spine, nerves, or muscles. These can lead to problems such as seizures, headaches, or developmental delays.

What are the 3 main phases of a seizure?

Seizures take on many different forms and have a beginning (prodrome and aura), middle (ictal) and end (post-ictal) stage.

Are spasms normal in babies?

Spasms usually begin within a baby’s first year. They occur most often in the morning or after a nap. They may last from less than a few seconds to up to 10 seconds—and they can happen in clusters of 2 to 100 at a time.

What do you do if you suspect infantile spasms?

If you suspect your baby may be having infantile spasms, talk to your pediatrician right away. Your child may need to be seen by a pediatric neurologist. If you can, try to video any episodes of your baby having a spasm and show this to your child’s doctors.

What infantile spasms look like?

Infantile spasms often look like a sudden, brief stiffening of a baby’s muscles. Symptoms may include: a cluster of spasms that may be associated with waking from sleep. jackknife seizures, where the body bends forward, the knees are pulled up, and the arms are thrown out to the side.

What are the signs of neurological problems?

Signs and symptoms of nervous system disordersPersistent or sudden onset of a headache.A headache that changes or is different.Loss of feeling or tingling.Weakness or loss of muscle strength.Loss of sight or double vision.Memory loss.Impaired mental ability.Lack of coordination.More items…

Do infant seizures go away?

The outlook for a child with benign familial neonatal seizures is better than for children with symptomatic neonatal seizures. In most cases, the seizures go away by the time the child is 16 months old. About 11% of children go on to develop other types of seizures.

What do seizures look like in infants?

Febrile seizures: The infant’s limbs may either stiffen or twitch and jerk, and their eyes may roll. These seizures are the most common type of infant seizures and are usually caused by a fever above 102 degrees. For an example of how a febrile seizure might look, click here.

Can infantile spasms be cured?

Many children with infantile spasms develop other kinds of epilepsy. (Watch examples of infantile spasms.) “Some of these children can be cured, but successful treatment often depends on prompt diagnosis,” said Hussain.

What is neurological baby syndrome?

Neurological disorders in children occur when something is abnormal in the brain, the nervous system or the muscle cells. These disorders can vary from epilepsy to migraine headaches to tic or movement disorders and more.