Question: What Are The Categories Of Special Needs?

What are the 21 types of disabilities?

21 Types of DisabilitiesBlindness.Low-vision.Leprosy Cured persons.Hearing Impairment.Locomotor Disability.Dwarfism.Intellectual Disability.Mental Illness.More items…•.

What is SLD?

Specific learning disability (SLD) refers to a disorder in one or more of the basic processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or perform mathematical calculations.

What are the types of special needs?

The different types of special needsPhysical — Such as muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, chronic asthma, and epilepsy.Developmental — Such as Down syndrome, autism, dyslexia, and processing disorders.Behavioral/Emotional — Such as ADHD, bipolar disorder, or oppositional defiance disorder.More items…•

What are the 14 categories of special education?

These are federal terms and definitions.Autism. … Deaf-Blindness. … Deafness. … Developmental Delay. … Emotional Disturbance. … Hearing Impairment. … Intellectual Disability (formerly known as Mental Retardation) … Multiple Disabilities.More items…

How many categories of special education are there?

13 categoriesThey can include mental, physical, behavioral and emotional disabilities. There are 13 categories of special education as defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

What is the most common type of special needs?

5 Most Common Learning DisabilitiesDyslexia. Dyslexia is perhaps the best known learning disability. … ADHD. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder has affected more than 6.4 million children at some point. … Dyscalculia. Math is another major area of concern when it comes to learning disabilities. … Dysgraphia. … Processing Deficits.

What disability is most common?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 22 percent of people in the United States – or roughly 53 million people – have a disability….Neurological disorders include:Epilepsy.Brain tumors.Cerebral palsy.Spinal cord disorders.Multiple sclerosis.Traumatic brain injury.

How can you tell if someone is special needs?

If you suspect your child may have a special need, you’ll want to find out as soon as possible….Autismlack of babbling or pointing by age one.lack of any single words by 16 months age.lack of response to name being called.poor eye contact.excessive need for quiet and order.lack of smiling or responsiveness to others.

What is an emotionally disturbed child?

Emotional disturbance means a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child’s educational performance: (A) An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors.

What is the largest disability category in special education?

Specific Learning DisabilitiesSpecific Learning Disabilities (SLD) is by far the largest category of disability within the Individuals for Disabilities Education Act. Nearly half of all disabled children are labeled in the category of SLD.

Can I say special needs?

The New Term for Special Needs It’s ok to say the word. … I’m not special, special needs, handicapable, differently abled or challenged. There’s nothing wrong with being a disabled person.

What parents should not say to special needs?

15 Things Not to Say to the Parent of a Child with Special NeedsI’m sorry.Parenting your son must be so hard, I can’t imagine how you do it.You’re really amazing to take care of a child with special needs.It’s too bad you had to put your life on hold.Have you tried a cure?This is just temporary, right? … He/she looks normal.More items…•

What are the 13 categories of special education?

The 13 Disabilities Defined by the Individuals with. Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) … Autism… … Deaf-Blindness… … Deafness… … Emotional Disturbance… … Hearing Impairment… … Intellectual Disability… … Multiple Disabilities…More items…

Do special needs know they are special?

A person who is born with some kind of disabilities might not know or they might know. It really depends on the caregivers, their own environment, and others who understand that person has a disability, but if they treat him/her like a person who’s no different from them.

What are the 7 main types of learning disabilities?

In particular, psychology professionals should study these seven learning disabilities:Dyslexia. … Dysgraphia. … Dyscalculia. … Auditory processing disorder. … Language processing disorder. … Nonverbal learning disabilities. … Visual perceptual/visual motor deficit.

How do you describe special needs?

The term “special needs” is used to describe a person with a physical or emotional difficulty or difference that requires more assistance or specialized services. A special need can enhance someone’s life in the same way it can cause challenges.

What is politically correct for special needs?

With that in mind, some basic guidelines for politically correct and the disabled: “Special needs” WAS an educational term, not a disability term. … Saying ‘disabled’ is fine; ‘person with a disability’ is fine too, but see how the person wants to be referred to as.

What are the 5 disability categories?

Different types of disabilitiesvision Impairment.deaf or hard of hearing.mental health conditions.intellectual disability.acquired brain injury.autism spectrum disorder.physical disability.

What are the 13 Exceptionalities in special education?

The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech …

What are the 3 types of disability?

The main categories of disability are physical, sensory, psychiatric, neurological, cognitive and intellectual. Many people with disability have multiple disabilities. A physical disability is the most common type of disability, followed by intellectual and sensory disability.

What is a disability category?

(1) Child with a disability means a child evaluated in accordance with §§300.304 through 300.311 as having an intellectual disability, a hearing impairment (including deafness), a speech or language impairment, a visual impairment (including blindness), a serious emotional disturbance (referred to in this part as “ …