Question: Is Special Needs A Bad Term?

Is disability the correct term?

The two terms most commonly used to describe a person who has a limitation are “handicapped” and “disabled.” …

The correct term is “disability”—a person with a disability.

Person-first terminology is used because the person is more important than his or her disability..

What is a disability?

A disability is any condition of the body or mind (impairment) that makes it more difficult for the person with the condition to do certain activities (activity limitation) and interact with the world around them (participation restrictions).

Is Down Syndrome a disability?

Down syndrome is the most frequent chromosomal cause of mild to moderate intellectual disability, and it occurs in all ethnic and economic groups. The degree of intellectual disability in people with Down syndrome varies but is usually mild to moderate.

Is it OK to say able bodied?

Able-bodied NCDJ Recommendation: The term “non-disabled” or the phrase “does not have a disability” or “is not living with a disability” are more neutral choices. “Able-bodied” is an appropriate term to use in some cases, such as government reports on the proportion of able-bodied members in the work force.

What are the 5 barriers for persons with disabilities?

According to the Government of Ontario, there are five identified barriers to accessibility for persons with disabilities. These barriers are attitudinal, organizational or systemic, architectural or physical, information or communications, and technology.

Is disability a negative word?

Disability. It’s a word used with pride. A word reclaimed, one that makes you part of an identity, a community. In itself it’s not a negative or a positive necessarily in terms of describing the person or experience, but something which combines with everything else to make you, you.

What does Ableist mean?

Ableism is the discrimination of and social prejudice against people with disabilities based on the belief that typical abilities are superior. At its heart, ableism is rooted in the assumption that disabled people require ‘fixing’ and defines people by their disability.

What do you call someone who is mentally challenged?

Term Now Used: disabled person, person with a disability. Term no longer in use: mental handicap. Term Now Used: intellectual disability. Term no longer in use: mentally handicapped. Term Now Used: intellectually disabled.

How do you talk to a disability?

When referring to disability, the American Psychological Association (APA) urges that it is often best to “put the person first.” In practice, this means that instead of referring to a “disabled person,” use “person with a disability.” Why?

Who is the most famous disabled person?

The World’s Most Famous Disabled PeopleAlbert Einstein. The Mathematician/Physicist who had a learning disability and did not speak until age 3. … Alexander Graham Bell. Had a learning disability.Cher. Has dyslexia.Christopher Reeve. … David Blunkett. … Thomas Edison. … Franklin D. … George Washington.More items…

What is the politically correct term for special needs?

Use the term “disability,” and take the following terms out of your vocabulary when talking about or talking to people with disabilities. Don’t use the terms “handicapped,” “differently-abled,” “cripple,” “crippled,” “victim,” “retarded,” “stricken,” “poor,” “unfortunate,” or “special needs.”

How do you say mentally challenged in a nice way?

Mentally retarded: Always try to specify the type of disability being referenced. Otherwise, the terms mental disability, intellectual disability and developmental disability are acceptable. See entry on mentally retarded/mentally disabled, intellectually disabled, developmentally disabled .

How do you describe someone with a disability?

Emphasize the individual not the disability. Rather than using terms such as disabled person, handicapped people, a crippled person, use terms such as people/persons with disabilities, a person with a disability, or a person with a visual impairment.

Is mental illness considered special needs?

Under the Americans with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA, mental illness is grounds for “special education” needs in public schools systems provided they interfere with your child’s ability to make expected academic progress.